18th Research Challenges in Information Science

Information Science: Evolution or Revolution?

Guimarães, Portugal, 14-17 May, 2024

Exploring Ontology-based Design Interactions for Sustainability Research

Contemporary social-ecological research requires collaboration between scientists, policy and decision-makers, citizens, and stakeholders in general, who hold different values, goals, epistemologies, experiences, and understandings of the world. Especially in critical fields such as health care, sustainability, and climate change, the uncertainty, semantic ambiguities, conflicting meanings, and lack of ontological structure hinder the creation of clear and explicit knowledge that can be easily categorised, stored, compared, and reused. Semantic approaches, e.g. formal ontologies and ontology-driven conceptual modelling, offer solutions for aligning and integrating meanings and knowledge systems, yet can be challenging to learn and apply. In this workshop we explore an ontology-based conceptual model for social-ecological systems (SESs) integration and query its utility for participatory knowledge co-design. The model brings together two prominent frameworks SESs, and maps their concepts and relationships through ontological analysis. Nonetheless, the model itself is complex and its ontological commitments might not be immediately accessible for stakeholders. To overcome these issues, we leverage Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) and interaction design techniques to devise participatory workshop activities to interrogate sustainability scenarios through the integrated SESs model and evaluate the model itself. Participants in the workshop will get hands-on experience with card games, object theatre, and role-play as participatory methodologies for embodied sense-making and knowledge co-design.

Website: https://www.humanfactorsinsemantics.net

Greta Adamo, Basque Center for Climate Change, Spain
Max Willis, Independent Researcher, Spain

The 1st International Usable Security and Privacy for Emerging Technologies (ASPIRING) Workshop

The main objective of the usAble Security and PrIvacy for emeRgIng techNolo- Gies (ASPIRING) workshop is to provide a new forum for the security and privacy community as well as researchers coming more from UX-oriented and human-centered fields to exchange the latest ideas and research, promote interactions, and forge new collaborations concerning USP for emerging technologies. The ASPIRING workshop will seek to explore the state-of-the-art methods for engineering USP solutions with special emphasis on the human factors in such solutions. In line with the RCIS’24 conference theme “Information Science: Evolution or Revolution”, the ASPIRING workshop will also investigate revolution solutions for the aforementioned USP issues focusing on how the boundaries of USP design can be extended and aligned with the implementation, testing, validation, and verification by adopting a human-centered design (HCD), and by systematically and iteratively involving diverse users in each of the aforementioned phases. This ensures that the eventual USP solution will align seamlessly with the needs and capacities of its target users, which facilitates the use of such solutions. Expected outcomes of the workshop include the communication of best practices, early results, sharing of novel methods and methodological approaches, constructive feedback to participant researchers, identifying current key research challenges, increasing awareness about the importance of the problems at hand, and promoting a future roadmap to tackle these challenges.

Website: https://aspiring-workshop.github.io/2024/

Mohamad Gharib, University of Tartu, Estonia
Katrien De Moor, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway
Tong Li, Beijing University of Technology, China

2nd International Workshop on Cyber-Physical Social Systems for Sustainability: Challenges and Opportunities

A Cyber-Physical System (CPS) comprises the physical, networking, and computational elements controlled or monitored by algorithms. CPS must include requirements for security, safety, privacy, reliability, resilience, and the processing of massive amounts of information. According to NIST, "CPS will bring advances in personalized health care, emergency response, traffic flow management, and electric power generation and delivery, as well as in many other areas now just being envisioned. Therefore, such systems' economic and social potential is vast, and significant investments are being made worldwide to develop these systems. The world is confronting numerous challenges that should be dealt with in the near future, such as tackling climate change and environmental degradation, producing affordable and clean energy, eliminating poverty, and ensuring education, health, and social protection for all. CPS can be relevant to addressing social, environmental, economic, and governance sustainability. Regarding social sustainability, it is imperative to identify early development approaches for CPS systems that promote strong and fair communities, such as social and health equity, community development, human rights, and social justice. These human and social characteristics and interactions are brought into the CPS due to the human-centric computation shift to the Cyber-Physical Social System (CPSS), which is the target of our workshop.

Website: https://sites.google.com/view/cpss4sus2024/home

Isabel Sofia Brito, Polytechnic Institute of Beja, Portugal
Ivan Machado, Institute of Computing at the Federal University of Bahia, Brazil
João Paulo Barros, Polytechnic Institute of Beja, Portugal

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